Identification resources

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General information

Identifying a locust or grasshopper species involves several steps that require careful observation of both physical and behavioral characteristics. You can start by observing the overall shape, color, and any distinct patterns on the body, wings, antennae, and legs. If you have a physical specimen you can measure its body length and observe the wings to check their size, shape, and coloration. Grasshoppers may have fully developed wings, reduced wings, or none at all depending on their stage in development.

Morphological features are also essential for identification. Look at the head shape and eye position. The pronotum, the plate-like structure behind the head, can have unique shapes and markings important for distinguishing species. Check the tegmina, or forewings, for length and patterns or veins that can help with identification.

If you have access to field observation it can be helpful to consider the grasshopper’s behavior and habitat. Note its movement, feeding habits, and sounds, as these behaviors can vary among species. Identifying the habitat where the grasshopper was found, such as grassland, forest, or agricultural areas, can also provide crucial clues, as different species are often associated with specific environments. By combining these observations, you can more accurately identify the grasshopper species.

Short cerci on abdomen of a species of Pamphagid grasshopper

How to differentiate the sexes

The sex of a locust or grasshopper is identified by the shape of the cercus. In males, the tegmina often extends beyond or equal to the apices of the hind femora, while in females, they generally fall slightly short of reaching the apex of the abdomen, and male furculae are characterized by their short, swollen, and triangular shape.[1]

Identifying nymphal stages

Locusts and grasshoppers go through several developmental stages called instars before reaching adulthood. Each instar is a stage between molts, during which the grasshopper sheds its exoskeleton to grow. Locust/grasshopper development begins with the egg stage, where eggs are laid in soil or vegetation. After hatching, grasshoppers go through several immature nymph stages. Each instar is a progressively larger nymph that more closely resembles the adult form. There are usually five instars before the final molt to an adult grasshopper, which is sexually mature and capable of reproduction and flight.

First instar

In the first instar, grasshoppers are very small, typically only a few millimeters in length. Their wing buds are either absent or extremely tiny. These nymphs usually exhibit lighter coloration with minimal markings. The antennae are short and have fewer segments compared to later stages. Their hind legs are relatively short and underdeveloped, and their exoskeleton is soft and flexible, offering limited protection.

Second instar

During the second instar, grasshoppers grow slightly larger than in the first instar. Wing buds start to form but remain quite small. Coloration begins to develop more distinctively, although still not fully pronounced. The antennae grow longer and gain more segments. Hind legs start to lengthen but are still not fully developed, and the exoskeleton becomes somewhat harder but remains relatively soft.

Nymphal wing development (Shotwell 1941)[2]
Nymphal development of grasshoppers table (Shotwell 1941)[2]


Third instar

By the third instar, grasshoppers are noticeably larger. Wing buds become more pronounced but are not yet functional. Color patterns and markings start to resemble those of the adult. The antennae continue to grow longer and more segmented. Hind legs show significant development, becoming stronger and more robust. The exoskeleton hardens further, providing better protection.

Fourth instar

In the fourth instar, grasshoppers reach a significantly larger size. Wing buds are well-developed but still not capable of flight. The color patterns become more defined, closely mirroring the adult form. Antennae grow longer and more segmented. Hind legs are almost fully developed, displaying increased strength and length. The exoskeleton becomes harder and more protective.

Fith instar

During the fifth instar, grasshoppers grow larger, approaching adult size. Wing buds are large and almost fully developed, showing adult wing patterns. The coloration and markings are fully developed, closely resembling the adult. Antennae reach nearly adult length with full segmentation. Hind legs are fully developed, strong, and capable of powerful jumps. The exoskeleton is hard and fully protective, similar to that of the adult.

Sixth instar

In species with more instars, the sixth instar sees grasshoppers reaching maximum size before adulthood. Wings are fully developed but not yet functional for flight. The coloration and patterns are completely mature, mirroring the adult appearance. Antennae are at full adult length with complete segmentation. Hind legs are strong and robust, fully developed for jumping. The exoskeleton is hard and fully protective, preparing for the final molt to adulthood.

Adult stage

As adults, grasshoppers reach their full size. Their wings are fully developed and functional for flight. The coloration and patterns are mature and fully defined. Antennae are at full length and segmentation. Hind legs are strong and robust, fully developed for powerful jumps. The exoskeleton is hard and fully protective, marking the completion of their development.

Featured guides


All identification resources

English short title URL Geographic purview Category Descriptive keyword Author Language Species purview
View URL United States of America Guide Management Species identification University of Wyoming UWYO English
A locust officer's field guide View URL Guide Behavior Species identification Outbreaks Commission for Controlling the Desert Locust in the Central Region Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations English Desert locust (Schistocerca gregaria) Sudan plague locust (Aiolopus simulatrix) Sahelian tree locust (Anacridium melanorhodon) Red locust (Nomadacris septemfasciata) Senegalese grasshopper (Oedaleus senegalensis) Variegated grasshopper (Zonocerus variegatus)
Acridomorph species of Argentina and Uruguay View URL Argentina Uruguay Guide Management Biology Species identification National University of La Plata English
Action plan for managing the Central American locust View URL Mexico Guatemala El Salvador Honduras Nicaragua Costa Rica Panama Dominican Republic Guide Management Biology Species identification Biopesticide Robotics and drone technology International Regional Organization of Plant and Animal Health Spanish Giant red-winged grasshopper (Tropidacris cristata) Taeniopoda obscura Chromacris colorata Achurum sumichrasti Abracris flavolineata Bird grasshopper (Schistocerca pallens) Gray bird grasshopper (Schistocerca nitens) Mischievous bird grasshopper (Schistocerca damnifica) Central American locust (Schistocerca piceifrons)
Agriculture Victoria Australian plague locust identification, biology and behaviour View URL Australia Guide Species identification Biology Behavior Agriculture Victoria English Australian plague locust (Chortoicetes terminifera) Migratory locust (Locusta migratoria) Spur-throated locust (Austracris guttulosa)
APLC locust and grasshopper identification guide View URL Australia Guide Management Species identification Australian Plague Locust Commission English Small plague grasshopper (Austroicetes cruciata) Eastern plague locust (Oedaleus australis) Long-legged bandwing (Heteropternis obscurella) Australian plague locust (Chortoicetes terminifera) Spur-throated locust (Austracris guttulosa) Migratory locust (Locusta migratoria) Yellow-winged locust (Gastrimargus musicus) Wingless grasshopper (Phaulacridium vittatum)
Australian plague locust online learning module View URL Australia Guide Species identification Biology Behavior Management Agriculture Victoria English Australian plague locust (Chortoicetes terminifera) Migratory locust (Locusta migratoria) Spur-throated locust (Austracris guttulosa)
Community management of pest grasshoppers and locusts in Senegal View URL Senegal Guide Management Species identification Agriculturist guide Global Locust Initiative United States Agency for International Development Directorate of Plant Protection Wolof French English Senegalese grasshopper (Oedaleus senegalensis) Desert locust (Schistocerca gregaria) Catantops stramineus Acrida bicolor Acorypha clara
Desert locust field handbook View URL Israel Democratic Republic of the Congo Morocco Algeria Niger Mauritania Chad Mali Lebanon Sudan Afghanistan Kuwait Jordan United Arab Emirates Somalia South Sudan Pakistan Ethiopia Libya Kenya India Oman Bahrain Djibouti Yemen Uganda Egypt Eritrea Saudi Arabia Iraq State of Palestine Tanzania Syrian Arab Republic Iran Turkey Guide Species identification Management Centre for Agriculture and Bioscience International English Desert locust (Schistocerca gregaria)
FAO desert locust biology and behaviour guidelines View URL Southern Asia Western Asia Guide Behavior Biology Training manual Species identification Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations English French Arabic Somali Desert locust (Schistocerca gregaria)
FAO locust handbook identification key View URL Guide Species identification Locusts FAO Desert Locust Information Service Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations English Kraussaria angulifera Cataloipus cymbiferus Cataloipus fuscocoeruleipes Hieroglyphus daganensis Red locust (Nomadacris septemfasciata) Cyrtacanthacris tatarica Desert locust (Schistocerca gregaria) Sahelian tree locust (Anacridium melanorhodon) Devil grasshopper (Diabolocatantops axillaris) Variegated grasshopper (Zonocerus variegatus) Senegalese grasshopper (Oedaleus senegalensis) Sudan plague locust (Aiolopus simulatrix) Brown locust (Locustana pardalina) Migratory locust (Locusta migratoria)
Field crop and forage pests and their natural enemies in Western Canada View URL Canada Guide Agriculturist guide Education Infographic Management Species identification Integrated pest management Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada English Pennsylvania field cricket (Gryllus pennsylvanicus) Mormon cricket (Anabrus simplex) Packard grasshopper (Melanoplus packardii) Clear-winged grasshopper (Camnula pellucida) Migratory grasshopper (Melanoplus sanguinipes) Two-striped grasshopper (Melanoplus bivittatus)
Field Guide to Common Western Grasshoppers View URL United States of America Guide Species identification United States Department of Agriculture English Turnbull’s grasshopper (Aeoloplides turnbulli) Club-horned grasshopper (Aeropedellus clavatus) White-whiskered grasshopper (Ageneotettix deorum) Striped grasshopper (Amphitornus coloradus) Mormon cricket (Anabrus simplex) Speckled rangeland grasshopper (Arphia conspersa) Red-winged grasshopper (Arphia pseudo-nietana) Bigheaded grasshopper (Aulocara elliotti) White cross grasshopper (Aulocara femoratum) Ebony grasshopper (Boopedon nubilum) Plains lubber grasshopper (Brachystola magna) Bruner slantfaced grasshopper (Bruneria brunnea) Clear-winged grasshopper (Camnula pellucida) Marsh meadow grasshopper (Chorthippus curtipennis) Northern green-striped grasshopper (Chortophaga viridifasciata) Crenulated winged grasshopper (Cordillacris crenulata) Western spotted-winged grasshopper (Cordillacris occipitalis) Hayden's grasshopper (Derotmema haydenii) Carolina grasshopper (Dissosteira carolina) High plains grasshopper (Dissosteira longipennis) Dusky grasshopper (Encoptolophus costalis) Velvet-striped grasshopper (Eritettix simplex) Threebanded grasshopper (Hadrotettix trifasciatus) Meadow purple-striped grasshopper (Hesperotettix viridis) Cudweed grasshopper (Hypochlora alba) Alpine grasshopper (Melanoplus alpinus) Narrow-winged sand grasshopper (Melanoplus angustipennis) Northern grasshopper (Melanoplus borealis) Sagebrush grasshopper (Melanoplus bowditchi) Bruner spur-throated grasshopper (Melanoplus bruneri) Pasture grasshopper (Melanoplus confusus) Dawson's spur-throat grasshopper (Melanoplus dawsoni) Devastating grasshopper (Melanoplus devastator) Differential grasshopper (Melanoplus differentialis) Red-legged grasshopper (Melanoplus femurrubrum) Striped sand grasshopper (Melanoplus foedus) Gladston grasshopper (Melanoplus gladstoni) Little spur-throated grasshopper (Melanoplus infantilis) Keeler grasshopper (Melanoplus keeleri) Kennicott's spur-throat grasshopper (Melanoplus kennicottii) Lakin grasshopper (Melanoplus lakinus) Occidental grasshopper (Melanoplus occidentalis) Packard grasshopper (Melanoplus packardii) Nevada sage grasshopper (Melanoplus rugglesi) Migratory grasshopper (Melanoplus sanguinipes) Two-striped mermiria grasshopper (Mermiria bivittata) Blue-legged grasshopper (Metator pardalinus) Valley grasshopper (Oedaleonotus enigma) Obscure grasshopper (Opeia obscura) Pasture grasshopper (Orphulella speciosa) Four-spotted grasshopper (Phlibostroma quadrimaculatum) Large-headed grasshopper (Phoetaliotes nebrascensis) Brown-spotted range grasshopper (Psoloessa delicatula) Mottled sand grasshopper (Spharagemon collare) Say's grasshopper (Spharagemon equale) Kiowa grasshopper (Trachyrhachys kiowa) Pallid-winged grasshopper (Trimerotropis pallidipennis) Red-shanked grasshopper (Xanthippus corallipes) Two-striped grasshopper (Melanoplus bivittatus) Four-spotted grasshopper (Philbostroma quadrimaculatum) Red-winged grasshopper (Arphia pseudonietana) Finned grasshopper (Trachyrhachys aspera)
Grasshopper Identification and Control Methods to Protect Crops and the Environment View URL Canada Guide Management Species identification Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada English Clear-winged grasshopper (Camnula pellucida) Carolina grasshopper (Dissosteira carolina) Dawson's spur-throat grasshopper (Melanoplus dawsoni) Red-legged grasshopper (Melanoplus femurrubrum) Kennicott's spur-throat grasshopper (Melanoplus kennicottii) Large-headed grasshopper (Phoetaliotes nebrascensis) Turnbull’s grasshopper (Aeoloplides turnbulli) Meadow purple-striped grasshopper (Hesperotettix viridis) Green fool grasshopper (Acrolophitus hirtipes) Club-horned grasshopper (Aeropedellus clavatus) Marsh meadow grasshopper (Chorthippus curtipennis) Velvet-striped grasshopper (Eritettix simplex) Bunch-grass grasshopper (Pseudopomala brachyptera) Brown-spotted range grasshopper (Psoloessa delicatula) Speckled rangeland grasshopper (Arphia conspersa) Northern green-striped grasshopper (Chortophaga viridifasciata) Blue-legged grasshopper (Metator pardalinus) Red-shanked grasshopper (Xanthippus corallipes) Mormon cricket (Anabrus simplex) Prairie meadow katydid (Conocephalus saltans) Broad-winged bush katydid (Scudderia pistillata)
Grasshoppers of the Western United States View URL United States of America Guide Management Species identification United States Department of Agriculture English Green fool grasshopper (Acrolophitus hirtipes) Turnbull’s grasshopper (Aeoloplides turnbulli) Club-horned grasshopper (Aeropedellus clavatus) White-whiskered grasshopper (Ageneotettix deorum) Speckled rangeland grasshopper (Arphia conspersa) Bigheaded grasshopper (Aulocara elliotti) Clear-winged grasshopper (Camnula pellucida) Marsh meadow grasshopper (Chorthippus curtipennis) Northern green-striped grasshopper (Chortophaga viridifasciata) Carolina grasshopper (Dissosteira carolina) Velvet-striped grasshopper (Eritettix simplex) Meadow purple-striped grasshopper (Hesperotettix viridis) Dawson's spur-throat grasshopper (Melanoplus dawsoni) Devastating grasshopper (Melanoplus devastator) Differential grasshopper (Melanoplus differentialis) Red-legged grasshopper (Melanoplus femurrubrum) Little spur-throated grasshopper (Melanoplus infantilis) Kennicott's spur-throat grasshopper (Melanoplus kennicottii) Occidental grasshopper (Melanoplus occidentalis) Packard grasshopper (Melanoplus packardii) Migratory grasshopper (Melanoplus sanguinipes) Blue-legged grasshopper (Metator pardalinus) Valley grasshopper (Oedaleonotus enigma) Obscure grasshopper (Opeia obscura) Spotted-wing grasshopper (Orphulella pelidna) Four-spotted grasshopper (Phlibostroma quadrimaculatum) Large-headed grasshopper (Phoetaliotes nebrascensis) Bunch-grass grasshopper (Pseudopomala brachyptera) Brown-spotted range grasshopper (Psoloessa delicatula) Bird grasshopper (Schistocerca pallens) Gray bird grasshopper (Schistocerca nitens) Mischievous bird grasshopper (Schistocerca damnifica) Kiowa grasshopper (Trachyrhachys kiowa) Red-shanked grasshopper (Xanthippus corallipes) Striped grasshopper (Amphitornus coloradus) Red-winged grasshopper (Arphia pseudo-nietana) White cross grasshopper (Aulocara femoratum) Ebony grasshopper (Boopedon nubilum) Plains lubber grasshopper (Brachystola magna) Acrida gigantea Bruner slantfaced grasshopper (Bruneria brunnea) Crenulated winged grasshopper (Cordillacris crenulata) Western spotted-winged grasshopper (Cordillacris occipitalis) Hayden's grasshopper (Derotmema haydenii) High plains grasshopper (Dissosteira longipennis) Dusky grasshopper (Encoptolophus costalis) Threebanded grasshopper (Hadrotettix trifasciatus) Spathosternum prasiniferum Cudweed grasshopper (Hypochlora alba) Narrow-winged sand grasshopper (Melanoplus angustipennis) Northern grasshopper (Melanoplus borealis) Sagebrush grasshopper (Melanoplus bowditchi) Bruner spur-throated grasshopper (Melanoplus bruneri) Pasture grasshopper (Melanoplus confusus) Striped sand grasshopper (Melanoplus foedus) Gladston grasshopper (Melanoplus gladstoni) Keeler grasshopper (Melanoplus keeleri) Lakin grasshopper (Melanoplus lakinus) Nevada sage grasshopper (Melanoplus rugglesi) Two-striped mermiria grasshopper (Mermiria bivittata) Pasture grasshopper (Orphulella speciosa) Mottled sand grasshopper (Spharagemon collare) Say's grasshopper (Spharagemon equale) Pallid-winged grasshopper (Trimerotropis pallidipennis) Graceful range grasshopper (Boopedon gracile) Fuzzy olive-green grasshopper (Campylacantha olivacea) Pictured grasshopper (Dactylotum bicolor) Rufous grasshopper (Heliaula rufa) Showy grasshopper (Hesperotettix speciosus) Wrinkled grasshopper (Hippiscus ocelote) Two-spined spurthroated grasshopper (Melanoplus bispinosus) Blue-legged locust (Melanoplus flavidus) Wyoming toothpick grasshopper (Paropomala wyomingensis) Texas spotted range grasshopper (Psoloessa texana) Handsome grasshopper (Syrbula admirabilis) Toothed dune grasshopper (Trimerotropis agrestis) Alkali grasshopper (Trimerotropis salina) Montana band-winged grasshopper (Xanthippus montanus) Coral-winged grasshopper (Pardalophora apiculata) Two-striped grasshopper (Melanoplus bivittatus) Red-winged grasshopper (Arphia pseudonietana) Finned grasshopper (Trachyrhachys aspera) American grasshopper (Schistocerca americana) Spotted bird grasshopper (Schistocerca lineata) Obscure bird grasshopper (Schistocerca obscura)
Guide to grasshoppers and bush-crickets View URL United Kingdom Guide Management Species identification English Meadow grasshopper (Chorthippus parallelus) Common green grasshopper (Omocestus viridulus) Great green bush-cricket (Tettigonia viridissima) Speckled bush-cricket (Leptophyes punctatissima) Drumming katydid (Meconema thalassinum) Roesel's bush-cricket (Metrioptera roeselii) Dark bush-cricket (Pholidoptera griseoaptera)
Locust identification in Niger View URL Niger Guide Management Species identification Agriculturist guide Global Locust Initiative United States Agency for International Development Directorate of Plant Protection United Nations AGRHYMET Regional Center Centre National de Lutte Anti-Acridienne National Network of Agriculture Chambers of Niger French Zarma Hausa Garden locust (Acanthacris ruficornis) Acorypha clara Acrida bicolor Sudan plague locust (Aiolopus simulatrix) Aiolopus thalassinus Sahelian tree locust (Anacridium melanorhodon) Cataloipus cymbiferus Cataloipus fuscocoeruleipes Catantops stramineus Chrotogonus senegalensis Devil grasshopper (Diabolocatantops axillaris) Gastrimargus africanus Hieroglyphus daganensis Kraussaria angulifera Migratory locust (Locusta migratoria) Oedaleus nigeriensis Senegalese grasshopper (Oedaleus senegalensis) Bird locust (Ornithacris cavroisi) Pyrgomorpha cognata Pyrgomorpha vignaudii Desert locust (Schistocerca gregaria) Variegated grasshopper (Zonocerus variegatus)
Locusts of Australia View URL Australia Guide Management Species identification Queensland Department of Agriculture and Fisheries English Australian plague locust (Chortoicetes terminifera) Migratory locust (Locusta migratoria) Spur-throated locust (Austracris guttulosa) Wingless grasshopper (Phaulacridium vittatum) Yellow-winged locust (Gastrimargus musicus)
Management of pest grasshoppers and locusts in Mali View URL Senegal Guide Management Species identification Agriculturist guide Global Locust Initiative United States Agency for International Development Directorate of Plant Protection Wolof French Fulfuldé Bambara Songhaï Desert locust (Schistocerca gregaria) Devil grasshopper (Diabolocatantops axillaris) Garden locust (Acanthacris ruficornis) Senegalese grasshopper (Oedaleus senegalensis)
Moroccan locust info poster [ View URL] Azerbaijan Georgia (country) Kyrgyzstan Tajikistan Uzbekistan Turkmenistan Guide Biology Ecology Monitoring Species identification Behavior Population dynamics FAO Locust Watch Locusts in Caucasus and Central Asia Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Azerbaijani Russian Moroccan locust (Dociostaurus maroccanus)
NorthWest Africa Grasshoppers and locusts View URL Africa Americas Asia Europe Oceania Guide Species identification Sorbonne University English French
Nymphal Growth in Schistocerca View URL Guide Photos Timelapse Community development Biology Nymphs Growth Species identification Behavioral Plasticity Research Institute English American grasshopper (Schistocerca americana) Central American locust (Schistocerca piceifrons) Desert locust (Schistocerca gregaria) Cuban bird grasshopper (Schistocerca serialis cubense)
Operating manual for Central American locust control campaigns View URL Mexico Guide Management Biology Species identification Servicio Nacional de Sanidad Inocuidad y Calidad Agroalimentaria Spanish Central American locust (Schistocerca piceifrons)
Pest grasshoppers and locusts in Senegal View URL Senegal Guide Management Species identification Agriculturist guide Global Locust Initiative United States Agency for International Development Directorate of Plant Protection Wolof French English Senegalese grasshopper (Oedaleus senegalensis)
Pest Grasshoppers of the West View URL United States of America Guide Management Species identification English Red-legged grasshopper (Melanoplus femurrubrum) Clear-winged grasshopper (Camnula pellucida) Differential grasshopper (Melanoplus differentialis) Migratory grasshopper (Melanoplus sanguinipes) Bigheaded grasshopper (Aulocara elliotti) Spotted-wing grasshopper (Orphulella pelidna) Packard grasshopper (Melanoplus packardii) Occidental grasshopper (Melanoplus occidentalis) White-whiskered grasshopper (Ageneotettix deorum) Valley grasshopper (Oedaleonotus enigma) Obscure grasshopper (Opeia obscura) Little spur-throated grasshopper (Melanoplus infantilis) Kiowa grasshopper (Trachyrhachys kiowa) Four-spotted grasshopper (Phlibostroma quadrimaculatum) Meadow purple-striped grasshopper (Hesperotettix viridis)
The acridids of West Africa View URL Western Africa Guide Management Species identification English
The Grasshoppers of the Western U.S. Lucid mobile app View URL United States of America Guide Management Species identification University of Nebraska USDA-APHIS-PPQ-Science & Technology-Insect Management and Molecular Diagnostics Laboratory (Phoenix Station) United States Department of Agriculture English Green fool grasshopper (Acrolophitus hirtipes) Turnbull’s grasshopper (Aeoloplides turnbulli) Club-horned grasshopper (Aeropedellus clavatus) White-whiskered grasshopper (Ageneotettix deorum) Speckled rangeland grasshopper (Arphia conspersa) Bigheaded grasshopper (Aulocara elliotti) Clear-winged grasshopper (Camnula pellucida) Marsh meadow grasshopper (Chorthippus curtipennis) Northern green-striped grasshopper (Chortophaga viridifasciata) Carolina grasshopper (Dissosteira carolina) Velvet-striped grasshopper (Eritettix simplex) Meadow purple-striped grasshopper (Hesperotettix viridis) Dawson's spur-throat grasshopper (Melanoplus dawsoni) Devastating grasshopper (Melanoplus devastator) Differential grasshopper (Melanoplus differentialis) Red-legged grasshopper (Melanoplus femurrubrum) Little spur-throated grasshopper (Melanoplus infantilis) Kennicott's spur-throat grasshopper (Melanoplus kennicottii) Occidental grasshopper (Melanoplus occidentalis) Packard grasshopper (Melanoplus packardii) Migratory grasshopper (Melanoplus sanguinipes) Blue-legged grasshopper (Metator pardalinus) Valley grasshopper (Oedaleonotus enigma) Obscure grasshopper (Opeia obscura) Spotted-wing grasshopper (Orphulella pelidna) Four-spotted grasshopper (Phlibostroma quadrimaculatum) Large-headed grasshopper (Phoetaliotes nebrascensis) Bunch-grass grasshopper (Pseudopomala brachyptera) Brown-spotted range grasshopper (Psoloessa delicatula) Bird grasshopper (Schistocerca pallens) Gray bird grasshopper (Schistocerca nitens) Mischievous bird grasshopper (Schistocerca damnifica) Kiowa grasshopper (Trachyrhachys kiowa) Red-shanked grasshopper (Xanthippus corallipes) Striped grasshopper (Amphitornus coloradus) Red-winged grasshopper (Arphia pseudo-nietana) White cross grasshopper (Aulocara femoratum) Ebony grasshopper (Boopedon nubilum) Plains lubber grasshopper (Brachystola magna) Acrida gigantea Bruner slantfaced grasshopper (Bruneria brunnea) Crenulated winged grasshopper (Cordillacris crenulata) Western spotted-winged grasshopper (Cordillacris occipitalis) Hayden's grasshopper (Derotmema haydenii) High plains grasshopper (Dissosteira longipennis) Dusky grasshopper (Encoptolophus costalis) Threebanded grasshopper (Hadrotettix trifasciatus) Spathosternum prasiniferum Cudweed grasshopper (Hypochlora alba) Narrow-winged sand grasshopper (Melanoplus angustipennis) Northern grasshopper (Melanoplus borealis) Sagebrush grasshopper (Melanoplus bowditchi) Bruner spur-throated grasshopper (Melanoplus bruneri) Pasture grasshopper (Melanoplus confusus) Striped sand grasshopper (Melanoplus foedus) Gladston grasshopper (Melanoplus gladstoni) Keeler grasshopper (Melanoplus keeleri) Lakin grasshopper (Melanoplus lakinus) Nevada sage grasshopper (Melanoplus rugglesi) Two-striped mermiria grasshopper (Mermiria bivittata) Pasture grasshopper (Orphulella speciosa) Mottled sand grasshopper (Spharagemon collare) Say's grasshopper (Spharagemon equale) Pallid-winged grasshopper (Trimerotropis pallidipennis) Graceful range grasshopper (Boopedon gracile) Fuzzy olive-green grasshopper (Campylacantha olivacea) Pictured grasshopper (Dactylotum bicolor) Rufous grasshopper (Heliaula rufa) Showy grasshopper (Hesperotettix speciosus) Wrinkled grasshopper (Hippiscus ocelote) Two-spined spurthroated grasshopper (Melanoplus bispinosus) Blue-legged locust (Melanoplus flavidus) Wyoming toothpick grasshopper (Paropomala wyomingensis) Texas spotted range grasshopper (Psoloessa texana) Handsome grasshopper (Syrbula admirabilis) Toothed dune grasshopper (Trimerotropis agrestis) Alkali grasshopper (Trimerotropis salina) Montana band-winged grasshopper (Xanthippus montanus) Coral-winged grasshopper (Pardalophora apiculata) Two-striped grasshopper (Melanoplus bivittatus) Red-winged grasshopper (Arphia pseudonietana) Finned grasshopper (Trachyrhachys aspera) American grasshopper (Schistocerca americana) Spotted bird grasshopper (Schistocerca lineata) Obscure bird grasshopper (Schistocerca obscura)
USDA ARS grasshopper species fact sheets View URL United States of America Guide Management Species identification United States Department of Agriculture English Turnbull’s grasshopper (Aeoloplides turnbulli) White-whiskered grasshopper (Ageneotettix deorum) Striped grasshopper (Amphitornus coloradus) Mormon cricket (Anabrus simplex) Red-winged grasshopper (Arphia pseudo-nietana) Speckled rangeland grasshopper (Arphia conspersa) Bigheaded grasshopper (Aulocara elliotti) White cross grasshopper (Aulocara femoratum) Ebony grasshopper (Boopedon nubilum) Bruner slantfaced grasshopper (Bruneria brunnea) Clear-winged grasshopper (Camnula pellucida) Marsh meadow grasshopper (Chorthippus curtipennis) Northern green-striped grasshopper (Chortophaga viridifasciata) Crenulated winged grasshopper (Cordillacris crenulata) Western spotted-winged grasshopper (Cordillacris occipitalis) Hayden's grasshopper (Derotmema haydenii) Carolina grasshopper (Dissosteira carolina) High plains grasshopper (Dissosteira longipennis) Dusky grasshopper (Encoptolophus costalis) Velvet-striped grasshopper (Eritettix simplex) Threebanded grasshopper (Hadrotettix trifasciatus) Meadow purple-striped grasshopper (Hesperotettix viridis) Cudweed grasshopper (Hypochlora alba) Alpine grasshopper (Melanoplus alpinus) Narrow-winged sand grasshopper (Melanoplus angustipennis) Two-striped grasshopper (Melanoplus bivittatus) Northern grasshopper (Melanoplus borealis) Sagebrush grasshopper (Melanoplus bowditchi) Bruner spur-throated grasshopper (Melanoplus bruneri) Pasture grasshopper (Melanoplus confusus) Dawson's spur-throat grasshopper (Melanoplus dawsoni) Devastating grasshopper (Melanoplus devastator) Differential grasshopper (Melanoplus differentialis) Red-legged grasshopper (Melanoplus femurrubrum) Striped sand grasshopper (Melanoplus foedus) Gladston grasshopper (Melanoplus gladstoni) Little spur-throated grasshopper (Melanoplus infantilis) Keeler grasshopper (Melanoplus keeleri) Kennicott's spur-throat grasshopper (Melanoplus kennicottii) Lakin grasshopper (Melanoplus lakinus) Occidental grasshopper (Melanoplus occidentalis) Packard grasshopper (Melanoplus packardii) Nevada sage grasshopper (Melanoplus rugglesi) Migratory grasshopper (Melanoplus sanguinipes) Two-striped mermiria grasshopper (Mermiria bivittata) Blue-legged grasshopper (Metator pardalinus) Valley grasshopper (Oedaleonotus enigma) Obscure grasshopper (Opeia obscura) Pasture grasshopper (Orphulella speciosa) Four-spotted grasshopper (Phlibostroma quadrimaculatum) Large-headed grasshopper (Phoetaliotes nebrascensis) Brown-spotted range grasshopper (Psoloessa delicatula) Say's grasshopper (Spharagemon equale) Mottled sand grasshopper (Spharagemon collare) Kiowa grasshopper (Trachyrhachys kiowa) Pallid-winged grasshopper (Trimerotropis pallidipennis) Red-shanked grasshopper (Xanthippus corallipes) Club-horned grasshopper (Aeropedellus clavatus) Plains lubber grasshopper (Brachystola magna)

References

  1. Vickery VR and Kevan DKM (1985) The grasshopper, crickets, and related insects of Canada and adjacent regions. Biosystematics Research Institute, Ottawa, Ontario. Publication Number 1777. 918 pp.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Shotwell RL (1941) Life histories and habits of some grasshoppers of economic importance on the Great Plains (Vol. Technical Bulletin No. 774). United States Department of Agriculture.